Secretary General's Address
It is with great pleasure that we welcome you to the inaugural edition of the St.
Xavier's Collegiate School Model United Nations Conference 2013, an initiative of
X-CALIBRE, the Debate Society of St. Xavier's Collegiate School.
The world today stands at an important crossroad. While we have made staggering progress in many aspects of development and peace, we are also faced with newer and previously unforeseen challenges. Thus, we believe that it is time to take stock of all that has happened and see where and why we may have gone wrong. In short, it is a time for both reflection and anticipation. In keeping with this sentiment, the Executive Board of SXCSMUNC proposes to simulate three committees, one set in the past, one in the present and one in the future.
Delegates will have to deal with issues ranging from the Soviet invasion in Afghanistan in 1981 to the European Sovereign Debt Crisis and the expiry of the only widely accepted, of not acceptable, environmental treaty, the Kyoto Protocol.
We believe that a Model United Nations Conference is essentially an empowerment tool, providing school students with a rare opportunity to think about how the issues facing the world can be tackled. We urge all delegates to bear that in mind.
We are confident that with your support and co-operation, SXCSMUNC will achieve its stated objectives and be a grand success.
United Nations Conference On Climate Change
Chairman: Shourya Dasgupta
Director: Prajval Jhunjhunwala
(COP 20/ CMP 10): The Conference of Parties to the Kyoto Protocol(COP 18), held between 26 November and 8 December, 2012 in Doha, Qatar, decided that the Kyoto Protocol was to continue till 2020. However, the participating nations also decided that, in accordance with the agreement reached by the COP 17 on 11 December, 2011 at Durban, a new treaty, which would be legally binding on all nations paricipating in the UNFCCC, would be drawn up by 2015 and would come into effect in 2020(after the expiry of the Kyoto Protocol). In SXCSMUNC, we will be simulating a session of the UNFCCC(COP 20/CMP 10) in November, 2014. Over the course of the two days of the conference, delegates representing different nations will have to reach an agreement regarding the provisions of this new treaty, which will then be adopted or rejected by a vote of the delegates. We expect delegates to find solutions to all important questons which are raised by this topic, such as: What mechanism should be followed to reduce greenhouse gas emmission? Should trading emmission quotas be allowed? Should there be different yardsticks for developed and developing economies as far as the legally-binding aspect of the treaty is concerned?
United Nations Security Council
Chairman: Anish Kanoria
Director: Debayan Mitra
On December 27, 1979, 700 Soviet troops dressed in Afghan uniforms occupied major governmental, military and media buildings in Kabul, including their primary target - the Tajbeg Presidential Palace. The operation began at 1900 hours, when the KGB - led Soviet Zenith Group destroyed Kabul's communications hub, paralyzing Afghan military command. At 1915 hours, the assault on Tajbeg palace began; as planned President Hafizullah Amin was killed. Simutaneously other objectives were completed ( For example, The Ministry of Interior fell at 19:15). The operation was fully complete by the morning of December 28,1979. Thus began the most important proxy war during the Cold War era. At SXCSMUN Conference we will be simulating an emergency sitting of the United Nations Security Council on the 2nd of January,1980, in the aftermath of the Soviet invasion to take note of the situation, which was construed by President Carter as an attack on the fundamental freedoms of the people. Delegates are expected to represent the interests of their nations and reach an agreement regarding the United Nation Organisation's stance on the said invasion.
International Monetary Fund
Chairmen: Aishik Dutta & Karan Bhuwalka
Director: Sayudh Roy
The global financial crisis erupted in 2008, which made it harder for governments to borrow money and pay for public programmes. Many European governments today are struggling to repay loans and have been forced to implement strict austerity measures which are slowing down the economy even further. Moreover, the creditors are afraid that their loans shall never be repaid and they run the risk of going bankrupt. Taxpayers are both worried and frustrated as they are also bearing the brunt of this crisis. This situation, called the European Sovereign Debt Crisis is grave and needs an immediate solution. At SXCSMUN Conference, we will be simulating proceedings of the Executive Board of the IMF in 2013. Many countries have already needed bailouts and the situation in stronger economies is grave as well, with Spain and Italy suppposedly next in line for a bailout. The situation is extremely volatile and the economies of various countries are in dire need of stimulus. The delegates are expected to formulate a comprehensive action report to deal with this crisis in the long term.
United Nations Conference On Climate Change
"The environment is everything that isn't me"
- Albert Einstein
Welcome, delegates, to the UNFCCC, an annual meet of the parties to the Kyoto Protocol and the Clean Development Mechanism to review, assess and debate on various aspects of the Protocol and to reify its founding principles. However, this committee, set in November 2014, meets with an overwhelming sense of urgency and purpose. According to the Durban Platform adopted at a previous COP meet` in 2011, a new legally-binding deal comprising all nations of the world would be drawn up by 2015 and would come into effect in 2020, after the expiry of the second phase of the Kyoto Protocol. It will be the responsibility of this committee to work out the broad framework for this deal, bearing in mind all the conflicting positions of various nations, organisations and pressure groups on this issue.
Delegates, the world is your oyster. It is up to you to choose how you will treat the issues that confront this committee. However, please remember that research, effective articulation and good networking skills will never fail to pay dividends in a Model United Nations conference.
It is also my privilege to introduce to you the Executive Board for the UNFCCC 2014. Your Director, Prajval Jhunjhunwala is a Class XII Science student, whose interests include postcolonial literature and cinema, football, badminton, MUNning, debating and music, though not necessarily in that order. Prajval is an extremely approachable and likeable person who brings an element of balance into committee. Rohan Chaudhari, your Rapporteur, is a student of Class XI pursuing Commerce. When Rohan is not busy playing FIFA with the Co-Chairmen of the IMF, he co-ordinates the UNFCCC research effort. As for me, I am a 12th standard student of Science whose interests include reading, quizzing, debating, MUNning, law and economics.
We look forward to a marvellous conference.
United Nations Security Council
" War doesn't determine who's right, only who's left."
Welcome, delegates, to what promises to be the most challenging committee at St. Xavier's Collegiate School Model United Nations Conference 2013, the Historic Security Council. The history of the world post WWII has been dominated for the greater part by two superpowers, the USSR and the USA, who were always engaged in shadow-boxing on multiple fronts. One of the most memorable showdowns in the history of the United Nations Security Council occurred in the aftermath of the decision of the Soviet Union to invade Afghanistan in 1979-80 as one of the many fallouts of the country's internal political turmoil since the 1960s.
The HSC is structured on the pattern of the United Nations Security Council as on 2nd January, 1980 and will meet to debate the invasion in what will undoubtedly be a very charged atmosphere. It is for the Council and its members to decide how they will treat this invasion- which has been termed the greatest ever summarisation of the Cold War. Delegates are expected to be well-researched about their country's foreign policy and to be able to effectively articulate their position on the invasion in committee. They are also expected to be able to work towards a solution to the crisis with their fellow delegates. Remember, networking skills are key to a good performance in a MUN Conference.
I now move on to the other part of my address. It is my duty to introduce you to your committee's Executive Board. The director, Debayan Mitra, is a 12th standard Science student who wears the hats of accomplished speaker, administrator and aspiring doctor with equal ease. The Rapporteur, Aditya Prasanna Bhattacharya, is a prize-winning debator and MUNner whose many accolades sit easy on him despite his young age( he is only in the Xth standard). As for me, I am a 12th standard student of Commerce and a Captain of the school, with varied interests including politics, sport, debating and MUNning. Looking forward to an engaging conferance.
International Monetary Fund
It is with great pleasure that we welcome you to the SXCS MUN Conference 2013. We shall be simulating what we expect to be an extremely challenging committee: The International Monetary Fund.
The IMF is an organization which plays a major role in the global economic scenario and addresses very pertinent international issues. Thus, we decided that the IMF is an apt committee to simulate in this inaugural SXCSMUN Conference.
We, as part of the Executive Board, will try to make committee as interesting, informative and entertaining as we can. The co-chairs are two diametrically opposite personalities, but share a number of interests which include quizzing, debating, football, and most importantly, bullying the Secretary General of this conference. Your director, Sayudh Roy, is a tech-wiz who loves his computer more than anything in the world (OR not), the quietest member of the Board and is easily approachable. Your rapporteur, Oishik Ganguly, is an extremely talented individual who seems to excel at everything he does.
The topic of discussion for this committee is the European Sovereign Debt Crisis. We shall be addressing this crisis and its possible impacts on the world economy and expect delegates to tackle this very pertinent issue.
The Eurodebt crisis started in 2008 with many European sovereigns facing severe recession and debt. Since then the situation has stabilized to some extent. However, many countries still face harsh economic situations and are in need of monetary assistance. Moreover, many basic problems in the structure of the Eurozone have been exposed and delegates will be expected to suggest solutions to this.
We expect a high standard of debate in this committee and delegates must have extensive knowledge and understanding of the situation at hand. They must find methods to stabilize weak economies, tackle high levels of debt and also suggest methods by which the Eurozone can find a way out of this crisis in the long term. Delegates shall face various situations and updates that they will need to find solutions to and are expected to better the current economic situation.
Aishik Dutta & Karan Bhuwalka
Head of Press: Harsha Sen
Head of Photography: Rohan Tikmany
Head of Editing: Arinjoy Sen
Welcome to the inaugural St. Xavier's Collegiate School MUN Conference. I, Harsha Sen, will be serving as press head for the three days of deal-brokering, motion-passing, point-noting, and address-making that all of you intend to take part in. I enjoy trying to endorse socially conscious rap(as I am now), the odd book, and terrible puns(that's why I'm in the press). The press itself is the super-ego of the MUN mind-the only part that realizes how hilarious the entire thing is. It shall be my department's job to ensure that amidst all that cutthroat diplomacy, you're given a chance to laugh, very often at yourself, while finding out what developments have your MUN world astir. With some luck, and provided you put up a good enough show, we shall succeed in our endeavour.
Wishing you the very best of luck,
St. Xavier's Collegiate School Model United Nations Conference Secretariat
Chairman Of UNCCC
Co-Chairman Of IMF
Deputy Secretary General
Chairman Of UNSC
Co-Chairman Of IMF
St. Xavier's Collegiate School, Kolkata
30 Mother Teresa Sarani
Kolkata: 700 016